If you purchase a freestanding single-family home, you’re usually purchasing the land it’s on, as well. This means that you own the property, and nobody other person can take it away without your consent. That’s at least the situation as long as there aren’t any easements to play.
A easement provides another person with permission to utilize your property. Based on the nature and conditions that the easement is granted, it can mean everything from walking around the forest behind your house to flying across the airspace over it. The easements are quite common being one of the commonly used kinds is known as one that is grossThis article will explain the essentials and pitfalls of this property-ownership concern.
Easement in gross: a definition
In the real estate industry the easement gives anyone other than the property owners the ability to use the property in a certain manner. When an easement is in total, the allowance is extended to a particular person, like an family, an individual or even a business.
Let’s say that you purchase an apartment with a small trail leading to the lake. Your neighbor’s family is fond of going to the lake for a walk, however, they are unable to access the lake via their property, without using the trail that passes through your property. You can create an easement in gross which gives them the right to use the trail legally in order to allow them access to the lake without having to trespass. The easement generally has certain terms attached . For instance, you could limit the use of the easement to a specific group of individuals or only for an amount of time.
The key thing to remember about an easement in general is that the rights are to the entity or people the easement is granted to, not with the property in itself. What exactly does this mean? In the case above it means that your neighbors have permission to access your pathwhen they move. However their home, this right doesn’t automatically transfer to new homeowners. In contrast, if your homeowner who is currently living with them sells their house (or dies or leases the property out to other people) the easement gross will be canceled.
Gross Easement contrasts with. easement appurtenant
They aren’t necessarily “attached” to persons or entities like they are when it comes to easements in gross. They can also be attached to the property, which means it’s an element of the property deed and is transferred with the property each time it’s transferred or sold to the new owner. It’s referred to as the easement appurtenant.
Perhaps you’re purchasing a home that was built a long time back, but at the same as the adjacent house. The driveway of the house extends few feet beyond the property line of the neighbor, and an easement has been put set up to allow the seller to use the portion of neighbor’s property the driveway is situated on. If the easement is appurtenant, which means it’s connected to the property and the right will pass onto you, the owner who will take over the house. If, however, it’s an easement in gross this right will cease as the owner’s tenure of the property ends. In this instance, if you wish to keep using the driveway, your neighbor must consent to an extension of the easement.
Other types of easements that are common
There are many types of easements. Here are some other popular types that you could encounter:
- Prescriptive easement Prescriptive easements: prescription easement (or “easement by prescription”) may be legally recognized when another user has used this property in a certain manner for a prolonged period of time , like the garden bed crosses the property line, or the construction of a fence slightly over the boundary.
- Utility easement It’s common to grant utility companies specific access to private land to ensure they keep their service going, for instance, permitting the power company to maintain their lines. These easements can also restrict the use for the area (such as a ban of digging in a certain zone).
- Avigation easement If the owner of the property grants rights to airspace above their residence over a certain level, typically with the help of the federal government it’s known as an aviation easement or an avigation. It’s common for properties near airports.
- Easement due to need:An easement might sometimes be attached to a home in the event that a court decides it’s necessary for instance, if the only way for your neighbor to gain access to their property is through cutting through your property’s corner.
A gross easement refers to an individual or a company and not the property in itself. If you’re purchasing a house ensure that you conduct a title search and make sure you thoroughly understand the easements at play. If you’re not sure it’s a good idea to talk with an real estate lawyer as you aren’t likely to learn later that you’ve signed a contract that you do not wish you had done.